Gaelic Churches of Harnett County

Barbecue and Cypress Hill

History of the Quilt


Project Description

Evaluations of Accomplishments

Future Plans for the Project

Proposal Letter

Request to Commissioners

Biographies by Homemakers Clubs

Biographies by Friends of the Library


Gaelic Church: Barbecue Presbyterian Church

Barbecue Presbyterian Church was founded in 1758 by the Scottish Presbyterians who left Jura and Skye and the Presbytery of Inverary in 1739 to sail to America and North Carolina. It was Barbecue Church that issued the first call in North Carolina to a Presbyterian minister, who came and. settled in the area.

When Fayetteville Presbytery was organized, Barbecue left Orange Presbytery to I become a member. In 1835, Presbytery would have dissolved Barbecue but for the efforts of Reverend Colin McIver who revived it. Barbecue was built on a foundation that has withstood fads, "The Jerks" of the 1800, loss of members to daughter churches, grouping with other churches, the depression, expansion and rebuilding, and standing on its own.

Barbecue Presbyterian Church has stood for over two centuries continuously serving its people, strengthening every phase of their being, and end wing them with a rich Scottish heritage peculiar only to Barbecue.

1756            Reverend Jam Campbell, a Gaelic Preacher, sent by the Synod of Philadelphia, settled on the Cape Fear near Fayetteville land began holding services at Bluff, Longstreet, and Barbecue.

1758            A formal call was issued by those churches to Reverend Campbell. He accepted and preached in Gaelic and English.

1765            Under the direction of Reverend Campbell and the first elders Gilbert Clark, Archibald Buie, Duncan Buie, and Daniel Cameron, the first church, a twenty-seven foot square log building was built.

1766            "The stranger!" was found frozen at the locked front door. He was the first to be buried in the church cemetery, and the do have not been locked since.

1771            The first deed shows one acre of land on which the church located; was purchased from John Dobbins, whose Ordinary was used by Reverend Campbell.

During the Revolutionary War, General Cornwallis and his troops camped on the creek near the church. It is told that as the soldiers watched -the fog roll in one morning, one said it reminded him of smoke rising from the barbecue pits, thus the name Barbecue Creek; Barbecue Church was named because of her location so near the creek. However, noted historian, Malcolm Fowler, points out that there are land grants in early 1753 on record naming Barbecue Creek.

1775            The second church, a one room frame building forty-five feet by thirty feet, was built.

1813            Barbecue le Orange presbytery to become a member of Fayetteville Presbytery.

1835            Fayetteville Presbytery met to dissolve Barbecue. It had lost so many of its members to daughter churches in the area, but Reverend Colin McIver said "No! No! I will serve it! Without money and price if necessary!" The church continues today because of his dedication and leadership.

1845            The church rebuilt and repaired for a contracted cost of ninety dollars.

1870            The Reverend an Daniel McBryde threatened to sue the congregation is promised salary was not paid.

1884            The second deed shows that three additional acres of land were purchased from Hugh D, Cameron and others.

1896            The third church, built at its present location, was one large room, but with two separate front doors.

1922            The first Youth group, Christian Endeavor, was organized. Inez Campbell (Howard) was the first president.

1929            The ladies auxiliary was organized. The Reverend E. B. Carr was minister, and Mrs. Carr was the first president. She was followed by .Anna C. Cameron, the first lady at Barbecue to serve as a president. The dues for that year were ten cent per month. The auxiliary became the Women of the Church in 1964, and the Presbyterian Women in 1988.

1945            'The first Vacation Bible School was under the direction of Perry H. Biddle, Sr. and Laura Shaw Atkinson (Cameron) of Flora McDonald College.

1946            While the Reverend Biddle was minister, an addition of six rooms was I begun and a silver communion service was placed in the Historical Foundation at Montreat.

1947            The first formal church wedding uniting Lucille Howard and Harold York.

1949            The interior of the sanctuary was remodeled. Colored glass windows, a net hardwood flop, new pews, and a double front door was added while Reverend James A. Nisbet was pastor.

1952            The first Honorary Life Membership into the WOC was given to Mon H. Cameron. Others nave been: Virginia R. Cameron, in 1967: Addi H. Cameron, 1970: Inez C. Howard, 1974: Margie H. Cameron, 1975: Hattie B. Godfrey, 1977; Meta T. Cameron, 1978, Dannie H. Pace, 1979: Flora D. Campbell, 1980: Naomi M. Cameron, 1981: Elois C. Kelly, 1982, Buna A. Cameron and Allene C. Lyon, 1983; Carey W. Howard, Laura Shaw Cameron, 1985; Mary Emily McCormick, 1987; Margaret Perry Knight, 1988; Dorothy C. Hales and Helen R. Rogers, in 1989.

1957            The Fellowship Hall and four classrooms were begun and finished with brick exterior in 1957. The Reverend T. E. Nelson was Minister.

1958            During the end Billy Shaw Howell's ministry, the sanctuary was remodeled and enlarged by six pews, double center aisle were replaced by one center aisle, and the church had a veneer of brick.

1965            Under the direction of the Reverend James MacKenzie, the Heritage Room was organized. "The Stranger's" grave was marked, a Charn Cuimhne (Cairn of Remembrance) was erected on the site the first church, and a Cemetery and Grounds Fund was set. The first gift to this fund was given by Edna Cameron in memory of her husband John Monroe Cameron.

1971            Construction f Barbecue's first manse was _begun.

1975            February 1:

Barbecue's debt free manse was occupied by its first full time minister, the Reverend James Waldo Dodson.

October 26:

The manse was dedicated.

1976            Barbecue participated in the making of "Valley of Scot's," a film of our Scottish Heritage, the bicentennial of our country and the 218th year of Barbecue was celebrated, Mrs. Eugene M. Merchant, a Scottish lecturer, talked and showed slides of our Scottish History, and the first church directory was compiled.

1977            The first steeple was erected, the first Chrismon Christmas tree was decorated, and the tennis courts and playground were prepared.

1978            In June, the :steeple and playground were dedicated.

1982            The first sermon by a lady minister was delivered by the Reverend Betty Wood.

1984            Anna Page Cameron, Barbecue's first missionary, left in August to serve two years in Spain.

1985            Laura Shaw Cameron was elected the first woman Elder and Alta Warwick became the first woman Superintendent of Sunday School.

1986            March: The parking lots were prepared for paving and completed.

April 6: The Reverend Peter Youngson of Jura, Scotland delivered the sermon and showed slides of Jura.

1987            Alta Warwick was elected as the first lady Deacon, a new organ was installed, and additional acreage was purchased from Mrs. Dave Godfrey, Sr.

1988            July 24: The new organ was dedicated. A recital was presented by Walter D. Ross, Director of Music at the West Raleigh Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, North Carolina.

December 31: The Reverend James Waldo Dodson, Barbecue's

first full-time minister, retired from active service.

1989      February 19- The Reverend David B. Sherrod was installed as Barbecue’s second full-time minister.

July: Glenda York Cameron spent nine days in the Dominican Republic. While there, she ministered with kindness and love to the children at "Orfanato en el Desierto" (Orphanage in the Desert), and witnessed to the "street people" through nightly worship services. ,.-

1990            Church records indicate that the five members of Barbecue Church who have been members the longest period are as follows: Carey Howard, Hattie Godfrey, and Elizabeth Bell, all of whom joined in 1923: Perry Cameron who joined in 1924 and Pearl Howard who joined in 1925.

Barbecue, for over two centuries, has been led by "God's man at God's place at God' s time"; and has felt the influence of each in some special way. Names like McLeod, Crawford, McDiarmid, McDougald, McNair, McGeachy, Bragaw, Carr, and Magee, with others have belonged to the guiding hands at "The Auld Kirk." Barbecue has withstood the test Of! time. She has gone from a one-room log building to her present structure, from grouping with others and sharing their manse to her own manse and full-time minister, from four elders to twelve; but she has remained constant in the worship of God, and steadfast: in remaining self-supporting in all of her programs. Truly, God is in this place.

The Quilt square row 5, number 2, depicts two Gaelic Churches: Cypress, upper left and the entrance or Barbecue, center in the middle of the square. The applique and embroidery was done by three women of Barbecue Church, Ellen Andrews, Dolly Rivera, and Zeta Ryks; designed by Evelyn Byrd.


History of Barbecue prepared by: Norma Belt, Board Member Friends of the Library

Source: Barbecue Church Records


Gaelic Church: Cypress Presbyterian Church

The design of Cypress Presbyterian Church on the Gaelic Church square is like the church as it appears today. The entire square, representing two Gaelic Churches, Barbecue and Cypress, was made by three women from Barbecue Presbyterian Church: Ellen Andrews, Dolly Rivera, Zeta Ryks. all members of the Women of the Church.

The latest written account of Cypress Presbyterian Church, other than sessional records, is one written by Dennis W. "Bud" Cameron in the form of a small booklet for the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the church's organization, 1826 -1976. Over the years numerous histories have been written. but the earliest account, one in particular, Dougal McLauchlin's Sketch of Cypress. 1§12, is considered the oldest and most reliable source of information about the first years of the church.

Cypress Church is located in Western Harnett on the border line of Moore and Harnett Counties, in the Cypress and Beaver Creek area. No one knows exactly when the name Cypress was given to the church, but Cypress Church was mentioned in other Presbyterian records in 1826. The church in its beginning was probably a frame structure as there were quite a few sawmills in the area to prepare the timber. It has always remained in its present location regardless of the several rebuildings.

According to McLauchlin’s Sketch of Cypress, 1879, the church was built in 1823. and rebuilt and enlarged in 1853." The earliest church sessional books of Cypress that are available, date back to July 1,1833.

Mr. Cameron records in his booklet the following: "In 1823 a number of families in the Cypress and Beaver Creek area began meeting in a house on the hill in front of the present day church. These people were more conservative than others. They were followers of Rev. Angus McDiarmid, that great preacher, and leader of hundreds of Scots: The same McDiarmid who had preached against the emotional revival of earlier years with such passion. McDiarmid took his stand and the result was his expulsion from the Orange Presbytery. Expulsion didn't stop McDiarmid. He and his good friend Rev. Colin Lindsay, began a Presbytery of their own. They organized several churches; Cypress was one of them. McDiarmid preached several times in the house on the hill and then he preached on several occasions in the newly built "meeting house" before his death in 1827. Some of the first members of Cypress were former members of Barbecue. Union and Longstreet, but most members came from Barbecue Church."

Mr. Dougald McLauchlin was an elder in Cypress Church 1874 -1879. In his Sketch of the "early years" he wrote an interesting account: "Rev. R. H. Morrison supplied the church for one year, 1827. Rev. Colin McIver supplied the church one year, probably the year of 1829. At the time Rev. Robert Hall Morrison was supplying Cypress, 1826 -1827, he was living in Fayetteville and serving as editor of "The Religious Telegraph". A native of Cabarrus County. born 1798, he returned to the Charlotte area after 1827, and helped organize Davidson College. of which he was the first President from 1837 -1840. He died in 1889."

Mr. Dennis Cameron, in his booklet, gives an account of each ministers years of service following that of Rev. R. H. Morrison, from 1827 to 1972, when Rev. John Foy became pastor and was still serving at the time of the 150th anniversary.

Cypress was small in number of members in its beginning and served an area of about ten miles. Yearly, the community grew larger as a result of continued settlement and large families. Cypress, as time went by, organized three churches: Cameron Presbyterian, 1879 in Cameron, North Carolina, Cameron Hill Presbyterian, 1894, Route 3, Cameron, North Carolina, and Vass Presbyterian, Vass, North Carolina in 1911. From 1920 -1930 Cypress Church membership was around 200, but as younger people left the rural area for jobs elsewhere the church membership dwindled. Today the membership is less than 100.

With the passing of years when each renovation was made inside and outside, the structural design of the church outside has remained the same, it is still a white clapboard building.

In rebuilding the church in 1882, quite a few changes were made in the interior. the pulpit area became a three sided extension in the center of the north wall with a window in the two side walls; all other windows in the church remained the same size and in the same location as they appear today. At the turn of the century the church was heated by a wood heater in the center of the church, toward the front, and lighted by kerosene lamps on the walls and by two in the center hanging from the ceiling. The tuning fork was the only musical instrument used before and around 1900. Soon after, a reed organ was purchased, but no piano was in use until 192.5. The present organ is a gift of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Parker in 1967.

From a legacy in 1934, new windows, doors and locks were added. Electric lights were installed in 1947 when REA placed power lines; classrooms were added to the rear of the church in 1937. At a congregational meeting, November 24, 1946, there was an affirmative vote to build a vestibule on the front of the church with a small room on each side.

An educational building across the road on the side of the sanctuary was built in 19.57, twenty years later, for $12,000 (the old classrooms- .at the rear of the church were removed, sold, and remodeled for a house). The Educational Building included a fellowship hall, kitchen, two bathrooms, six classrooms and a choir loft. Central heating was installed in 1964, new lights in the sanctuary, 196.5, and central air-conditioning in same, in 1970.

The church steeple was built between 1946 and 1948, and houses a bell from an old train engine purchased at Overhills the same time the vestibule and the two small rooms were added at the front of the church. The later addition is the covered porch with four columns bordered by iron railings around the porch and down the steps to the entrance.

The adjoining graveyard is possibly older than Cypress Church. Many of the more ancient gravestones were made by George Lauder, of Fayetteville. Lauder. a Frenchman, came to North Carolina to help with the stone work on the rebuilding of the North Carolina State Capital after the fire of 1833. When Lauder finished the job, he moved to Fayetteville where he opened up a marble works. The cemetery, with grave markers of all sizes and design, from rocks, pine boards to granite, marble, tells much of the history of the church people. Upkeep and maintenance today is provided by contributions, memorials and bequests.

Since Cypress is one of the Gaelic Churches in Western Harnett, it would be amiss not to mention the role the Scottish language played in its beginning. In the earlier days of the church the entire service was in Gaelic, but by 1829 the supply preacher Rev. Angus McCallum, was preaching in English since he did not know Gaelic. The Rev. Evander McNair, pastor of Cypress from 1833 until 1848, may have preached in Gaelic as he knew the language. The Psalms of David set to either English or Gaelic, would have been the songs sung and led by a presenter since Psalm books were scarce.

Cypress Church has an active women's organization called The Women of the Church, which was organized in 1932, with Mrs. Arch D. McLauchlin named the first president. Not until 1955, under the presidency of Mrs. John Baker did the group expand into two circles. Mrs. N. D. McFadyen became president in 1975, and a third circle, begun in 1974, had become also active by the church anniversary date, 1976.

Almost on the eve of its' one hundredth and seventy-fifth anniversary, Cypress Church today, 1992, has the same mission: the place where one may grow in faith and walk with God. Its message is to share God's home and welcome others. The long heritage has given character, and the church stands as a monument to the faith of the founding fathers who came to a wilderness to establish a church as a testament to this faith and God's goodness. In the;-years to come, may it be the same!

Summary by: Evelyn Byrd

Quilt Coordinator, July, 1992

From: Cypress Church of Our Fathers in Commemoration of the One Hundred-fiftieth Anniversary of the Church's Organization -1826 -1976

Written for: The Congregation

By: Dennis W. "Bud” Cameron

Quilt Square: Row 5 Number 27

Embroidery by: Ellen Andrews, Dolly Rivera and Zeta Ryks

Designed by: Evelyn Byrd